Hwaseong Wetlands Flyway Network Site, October 28th-30th

Bird News from Nial Moores with Park Hea-Jeong (Hwaseong KFEM) and Jung Hanchul

We conducted the ninth waterbird survey as part of the Hwaseong City – EAAFP Hwaseong Wetlands Project between October 28th and 30th, with highlights that included tens of thousands of grey geese and thousands of diving duck, a Snow Goose, at least three Ferruginous Duck, a flock of 26 Hooded Crane on 28th and a White-tailed Eagle on 29th and 30th.

A few of the more notable records:

  • Snow Goose Anser caerulescens 흰기러기. An adult on 29th. One has been seen at this wetland in two or more previous winters apparently.
Snow Goose, above in flight © Jung Hanchul; below with Tundra Bean 큰기러기 and Greater White-fronted Goose 쇠기러기 © Nial Moores
  • Tundra Bean Goose Anser serrirostris 큰기러기. At least 27,500 counted.
Above, Tundra Bean Goose in flight © Jung Hanchul; and below ,with a lone Greater White-fronted Goose 쇠기러기 © Nial Moores
  • Hybrid Aythya. One male showing several Baer’s Pochard features including large head and bill, dark green head and (red-)brown breast, and stripey flanks, was seen on 28th. However, the bird also showed extensive grey in the upperparts, and almost entirely white flanks suggesting this was either a hybrid with some Baer’s influence (Baer’s x Greater Scaup???), or instead might have been the hybrid offspring between two or more other species altogether. A quick look at the excellent Bird hybrids website did not find any obvious matches. Opinions, as always, warmly welcomed!
Composite images of unidentified hybrid duck © Nial Moores
  • Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca 적갈색흰죽지 . Although assessed as V1 in the ROK by Birds Korea (meaning 9 or fewer records each year) three males were seen on 28th, with a possible fourth seen too distantly to confirm.
Ferruginous Ducks with Common Pochard 흰죽지 © Nial Moores: one on far left, and two on the far right
  • Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa bohaii 흑꼬리도요. Three of the recently-described large and very long-billed bohaii subspecies were seen on 28th. One of these had an oddly deformed bill. Although melanuroides is by far the commoner subspecies in Korea, a second type of Black-tailed Godwit was added to the Birds Korea Checklist back in 2013 (as nominate limosa “Data Deficient”), because a small number of obviously larger, longer-billed less richly-coloured individuals, more closely resembling the nominate form than melanuroides, were seen annually. Somewhat surprisingly, the presence of this taxon in Korea was omitted from the otherwise excellent paper published in Ibis.
Bohaii subspecies of Black-tailed Godwit, including one with a decurved bill! © Nial Moores
  • Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris 붉은어깨도요. At least 473 were counted on the 28th, in a flock also containing 25-50 Red Knot. These are the highest numbers of either species we have recorded during the project so far. 30,000 Great Knot can be present during northward migration, however.
Great Knot (with one Red Knot 붉은가슴도요) © Nial Moores
  • Nordmann’s Greenshank Tringa guttifer 청다리도요사촌. One, apparently a 1cy progressing from juvenile plumage into non-breeding grey, was still present on 28th and 29th.
Nordmann’s Greenshank with Grey Plover 개꿩 © Nial Moores
  • Chinese Grey Shrike Lanius sphenocercus 물때까치. Two or three present.
Chinese Grey Shrike © Nial Moores
  • Bluethroat Luscinia svecica 흰눈썹울새. Two were heard calling and seen sitting up on wires over a very bird-rich patch of reed on 30th.
Bluethroat © Nial Moores
  • Ochre-rumped Bunting Emberiza yessoensis 쇠검은머리쑥새. Up to 15 were present in the same fields where the species was found in territory during the summer. As we are now well into the migration period of this species, it is hard to know whether these were locally-born birds, or migrants from afar.
Ochre-rumped Bunting © Nial Moores

The next survey will be in mid-November. Already, since we started the surveys in late June, we have recorded at least 95,000 individual waterbirds (based on a summing of peak counts of each of the 100 waterbird species so far recorded), helping to confirm the continuing outstanding national and international importance of the Hwaseong Wetlands to biodiversity.

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